Central Pennsylvania Criminal Defense Legal Blog

What is the one-leg stand test?

If you have ever wondered exactly what happens when a person is asked to perform a field sobriety test by officers, you are not alone. Many people in Pennsylvania have heard stories about these tests or maybe even seen some versions of them portrayed on television or in movies but they may not fully understand what is involved.

As explained by, there are three unique tests that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has approved for use by officers prior to making a drunk driving arrest. The purpose of these tests is to provide enough evidence to support the officer placing the driver under arrest for suspected drunk driving. It is important for drivers to know that none of the field sobriety tests are completely accurate.

How are drug crimes treated in Pennsylvania?

The state of Pennsylvania has very strict anti-drug laws. If you find yourself accused of any drug-related crimes, the penalties could be quite harsh. For this reason, Marros Law Office is here to help you defend yourself from these accusations and avoid the harmful consequences of a conviction.

The first thing to know is that convictions for crimes of drug possession can result in penalties just as harsh as those found in convictions for intention to sell, or actually selling or distributing drugs. The notion that people buying drugs can get lighter sentences than people selling them is not entirely true. In many cases, penalties are equally harsh. Drug possession, for example, is not considered a minor crime and can result in high fines, time in jail, and suspension or revocation of your license.

What drugs are most additctive?

As people in Pennsylvania and across the nation try to come to terms with the problems associated with drug addiction, you might be wondering how so many people get addicted to drugs. The factors that contribute to addiction may vary greatly from person to person but one thing that it is important to know is that many substances that people develop addictions to are not illegal. There are certainly addictive illegal drugs but there are many prescription medications with serious addictive qualities that may contribute to a serious of issues for anyone who develops an addiction to them.

As explained by Healthline, there are three type of commonly prescribed medications that can be extremely addictive. These types are stimulants, depressants and opioids. Stimulants may often be given to people, including children, who have attention deficit disorder. Depressants are those drugs used to help promote a more relaxed state for people with anxiety and other conditions. Opioids are used to manage pain.

Will a breathalyzer test get you convicted?

Residents of Pennsylvania must abide by the law of implied consent. Implied consent determines that if you are driving, you have implied that you will consent to any breath analysis test if an officer decides to administer one. While some people may think it's better to refuse taking this test, Marros Law Office will show to you why that's not the best decision.

Blowing a 0.08 percent or higher on a breath analysis device will likely end with you facing DUI-related charges. However, an arrest and a charge does not equate to a conviction. This is particularly important to note, since refusing to take a breathalyzer test can actually cause you more harm than the potential charges you face. You can end up with additional charges for refusing this test, and they may stick even if you are able to avoid a DUI-related conviction.

Are field tests for drunk driving accurate?

If you are like most people in Pennsylvania who have been arrested for and charged with drunk driving, you will want to understand how you might defend yourself in this situation. It may well seem that you have few rights but the reality is that you always have the right to a defense when facing criminal charges as this is a fundamental tenet of the criminal justice system. 

During your traffic stop, you may well have been asked to perform tasks before you were actually placed under arrest. One thing you should know is that these tests called field sobriety tests are not used or even able to measure your sobriety or potential lack thereof. As explained by, they are designed to give a police officer enough evidence to legally place you under arrest.

What is the ARD program?

If you've been charged with DUI-related crimes in Pennsylvania, you may have heard that there are programs available to help clear your record. Marros Law Office is here to guide you as you learn more about your options, including the ARD program.

Officially known as the Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition program and called ARD for short, this program is probationary, and only for residents of Pennsylvania. What does it do? In essence, if you're able to complete this program successfully, your record is wiped clean. Not only that, but your initial charges will also be dismissed.

What puts your gun rights at risk?

Pennsylvania is a state with many strict gun control laws. This means that you could find your gun rights being endangered over things you may not have known would affect them at all. Marros Law Office is here to help if you find yourself facing gun-related accusations and charges.

There are a number of different firearm-related charges that can impact your ability to carry or own a gun. Not only does this include various offenses, but you can even face sentence enhancements simply because you own a gun. For example, if you're charged with shoplifting and police find a gun in your vehicle, you could face deadly weapon enhancements. This can happen even if you didn't have the gun on your person, or if there was no intent to use it.   

Understanding the severity of the opioid epidemic

Some Pennsylvania residents may wonder if the opioid epidemic is really as severe as they hear it is. It is important to understand what opioids are and why the epidemic is serious. 

In order for people to understand the opioid epidemic, they first need to understand what opioids are. MedlinePlus says that these are a particular kind of drug that is most often used to alleviate pain. If people undergo surgery or incur a severe injury, doctors sometimes prescribe this medication. While opioids can help people manage their pain, some people may become dependent on these medications if they use them for too long, and this dependence may lead to an addiction.

Is a breath analyzer a foolproof test?

Pennsylvanian residents may believe that blowing over a 0.08 percent on a breath analyzer is the end of the road for them. Fortunately, Marros Law Office is here to help you through your difficult DUI-related charge and show you that things aren't as simple as that.

Breath analyzer tests are used in the field because they're considered relatively reliable. However, this has led to the overwhelming assumption that a breath test is the only thing needed to determine whether or not you're guilty of a DUI. This is why some people refuse to take a breath test, even though you could actually get in more trouble for doing that than you could if you blew over a 0.08 percent when taking the test.

Will possessing a firearm add to your sentence?

In Pennsylvania, there are laws that make it possible to face additional charges if a weapon is on site while a crime is being committed, even if that weapon is not used. But how does this affect your possible sentence?

The United States Department of Justice states that carrying, possessing, or using any firearm while carrying out a drug felony or federal crime is a punishable offense. These penalties may be surprisingly harsh to some, and can include:

  • 5 years minimum in prison
  • A potential life sentence
  • A potential death sentence

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